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From Colonial America to the Civil War: a talk by Matthew Bartlett, author of THE GETTYSBURG CHRONICLE
Saturday, June 4, 2011 from 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM (EDT)
The New Haven Public Library marks the sesquicentennial
of the start of the American Civil War
with a presentation by Matthew Bartlett,
author of The Gettysburg Chronicle.
Bartlett will explore the historical roots of the Civil War.
The American Civil War began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces attacked a U.S. military installation at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. President Lincoln responded by calling for a volunteer army from each state to recapture federal property. This led to declarations of secession by four more slave states. Both sides raised armies as the Union seized control of the border states early in the war and established a naval blockade that virtually ended cotton sales on which the South depended for its wealth, and blocked most imports.
Land warfare in the East was inconclusive in 1861–62, as the Confederacy beat back Union efforts to capture its capital, Richmond, Virginia. In September 1862, Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation made ending slavery in the South a war goal, and dissuaded the British from intervening.
Confederate commander Robert E. Lee won battles in Virginia, but in 1863 his northward advance was turned back with heavy casualties after the Battle of Gettysburg. To the west, the Union gained control of the Mississippi River after their capture of Vicksburg, Mississippi, thereby splitting the Confederacy in two. The Union was able to capitalize on its long-term advantages in men and materiel by 1864 when Ulysses S. Grant fought battles of attrition against Lee, while Union general William Tecumseh Sherman captured Atlanta and marched to the sea.
Confederate resistance ended after Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865.
When & Where
New Haven Free Public Library
The Main (Ives) branch of the New Haven Free Public Library system is located at 133 Elm St., across from the New Haven Green, corner of Elm and Temple. Yale Lot #51 on Temple Street (across the street from the library) opens to the public at 4pm, and there are 2-hour parking meters on streets surrounding the library. More information may be found at www.nhfpl.org.
For information about events at the library, please call (203) 946-8835. And click here for a community calendar and announcements of interest to residents of Greater New Haven.